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  • 甘肃挖空桩钻打桩机钻头

    作者:中(zhong)联德(de)美 发布日期:2019-03-28 15:01:53 来源:www.squeakywheelbook.com

    挖空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)钻(zuan)打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)集中了目前(qian)国内(nei)外两大类型桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)----自行(xing)式(shi)履带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)和步履式(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)的(de)优点(dian)(dian):机(ji)(ji)动(dong)能力强、施(shi)工(gong)效(xiao)率(lv)高、安(an)全稳(wen)定性高、价格低廉。电(dian)动(dong)履带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)优点(dian)(dian)突出:行(xing)走(zou)稳(wen)定,作业安(an)全。因(yin)接地(di)尺寸不(bu)(bu)受起重机(ji)(ji)底盘限制(zhi),而按(an)产柱高度设计,稳(wen)定性优于(yu)现有(you)(you)各类桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji),并装(zhuang)有(you)(you)前(qian)后4个液(ye)压(ya)支腿,确保施(shi)工(gong)安(an)全。行(xing)走(zou)灵活、迅(xun)速,施(shi)工(gong)效(xiao)率(lv)高。绝不(bu)(bu)会发生步履式(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)经常(chang)因(yin)支腿下陷而移(yi)动(dong)困难的(de)情(qing)形(xing)。施(shi)工(gong)效(xiao)率(lv)可提高2倍以(yi)上,没有(you)(you)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)位(wei)(wei)死角。制(zhi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)垂直度高。立(li)柱三点(dian)(dian)支撑,两方(fang)位(wei)(wei)调整,其钻(zuan)孔(kong)垂直度大大优于(yu)悬挂式(shi)履带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)。有(you)(you)利于(yu)城市施(shi)工(gong)和环境保护。采用电(dian)动(dong)机(ji)(ji)驱(qu)动(dong)噪音小,不(bu)(bu)干(gan)扰(rao)居(ju)民;不(bu)(bu)燃烧柴油(you),无废气排放。维修简单。电(dian)动(dong)机(ji)(ji)的(de)故(gu)障率(lv)和维修成本均远低于(yu)柴油(you)机(ji)(ji)和液(ye)压(ya)驱(qu)动(dong)系统。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    挖(wa)空(kong)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)钻(zuan)(zuan)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)既可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)修建(jian)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)、成孔(kong),也(ye)(ye)可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)高(gao)铁建(jian)造。挖(wa)空(kong)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)钻(zuan)(zuan)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)房地(di)(di)产打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),因(yin)其(qi)振(zhen)荡(dang)力(li)强(qiang),噪声大,故不适应(ying)于(yu)(yu)居民区和闹市区。正(zheng)反循环(huan)钻(zuan)(zuan)机(ji)因(yin)其(qi)用(yong)到(dao)循环(huan)水故使(shi)用(yong)广泛(fan),打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)口径偏大,也(ye)(ye)可(ke)(ke)(ke)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)钻(zuan)(zuan)机(ji),但不能入岩(yan)。冲击钻(zuan)(zuan)机(ji)广泛(fan)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)高(gao)速公路、铁路的(de)桥墩打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),可(ke)(ke)(ke)打(da)(da)岩(yan)石。插板机(ji)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)沿(yan)海地(di)(di)区脆弱地(di)(di)基的(de)处置,这以后(hou)再(zai)进行打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)。夯扩桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)房地(di)(di)产打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),口径小、效(xiao)(xiao)率(lv)(lv)高(gao),因(yin)其(qi)具有(you)挤密作用(yong)故承载力(li)较高(gao)。碎石桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)因(yin)其(qi)共(gong)同的(de)规划,经过振(zhen)荡(dang)锤(chui)的(de)激振(zhen)力(li)将沉(chen)管震入土中,承载力(li)好,打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)效(xiao)(xiao)率(lv)(lv)高(gao),是将来桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)职(zhi)业的(de)主流产品。旋挖(wa)钻(zuan)(zuan)机(ji)摆脱了电缆的(de)捆绑,移(yi)动(dong)灵(ling)敏,打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)口径大,效(xiao)(xiao)率(lv)(lv)高(gao),深受桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)职(zhi)业人(ren)士期待,但其(qi)本(ben)钱(qian)较高(gao),令(ling)一些职(zhi)业新人(ren)无法承受。振(zhen)荡(dang)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)根底工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),通常做为插板机(ji)、振(zhen)荡(dang)沉(chen)管桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)配(pei)套(tao)设(she)备,也(ye)(ye)可(ke)(ke)(ke)独立(li)操作。潜孔(kong)钻(zuan)(zuan)机(ji)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)凿岩(yan)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。水平(ping)定向(xiang)钻(zuan)(zuan)首(shou)要用(yong)于(yu)(yu)公用(yong)设(she)施。

    挖空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机 桩(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)是一钢质(zhi)重块,由(you)(you)卷扬(yang)机用吊钩(gou)提(ti)升(sheng),脱(tuo)钩(gou)后(hou)沿导向架(jia)自由(you)(you)下落(luo)而打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)挖空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)机桩(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)由(you)(you)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)和锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)(zuo)组成,以蒸汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)或(huo)压缩(suo)空气为(wei)动(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li),有单动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)和双(shuang)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)两种。单动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)以柱塞或(huo)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)缸作(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou),蒸汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)驱动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)上升(sheng),而后(hou)任其沿锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)(zuo)的(de)导杆(gan)下落(luo)而打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)。双(shuang)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)一般是由(you)(you)加重的(de)柱塞作(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou),以汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)缸作(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)(zuo),蒸汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)驱动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)上升(sheng),再驱动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)向下冲击打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)。上下往(wang)复的(de)速(su)度快,频(pin)率(lv)高,使桩(zhuang)贯入(ru)地层时发生振动(dong)(dong)(dong),可以减少摩擦阻力(li),打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)效果好。双(shuang)向不等作(zuo)用力(li)的(de)差动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui),其锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)(zuo)重量轻,有效冲击重量可相对(dui)增大,性能(neng)更好。汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)进排汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)旋(xuan)阀的(de)换向可由(you)(you)人(ren)工控(kong)制(zhi),也可由(you)(you)装(zhuang)在(zai)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)一侧并(bing)随(sui)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)升(sheng)降的(de)凸缘操纵杆(gan)自动(dong)(dong)(dong)控(kong)制(zhi),两种方(fang)式都可以调节(jie)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)冲击行程。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    挖空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)钻打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji):桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)由锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)和锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座组成,以蒸(zheng)汽(qi)或压缩空气为(wei)动(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li)(li),有单动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)和双(shuang)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)两种。单动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)以柱(zhu)塞(sai)或汽(qi)缸作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou),蒸(zheng)汽(qi)驱(qu)动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)上升(sheng),而(er)后(hou)任其沿锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座的(de)导杆下(xia)落而(er)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)。双(shuang)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)一(yi)般(ban)是由加重(zhong)的(de)柱(zhu)塞(sai)作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou),以汽(qi)缸作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座,蒸(zheng)汽(qi)驱(qu)动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)上升(sheng),再驱(qu)动(dong)(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)向下(xia)冲(chong)击(ji)打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)。上下(xia)往复的(de)速度快(kuai),频(pin)率高,使桩(zhuang)(zhuang)贯入地层时发(fa)生振动(dong)(dong)(dong),可(ke)以减少摩擦阻(zu)力(li)(li),打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)效(xiao)果好(hao)。双(shuang)向不等作(zuo)(zuo)用力(li)(li)的(de)差动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui),其锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座重(zhong)量(liang)轻,有效(xiao)冲(chong)击(ji)重(zhong)量(liang)可(ke)相对增(zeng)大,性能更好(hao)。汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)进排汽(qi)旋(xuan)阀(fa)的(de)换向可(ke)由人工控(kong)制(zhi),也可(ke)由装在(zai)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)一(yi)侧(ce)并随锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)(tou)(tou)升(sheng)降的(de)凸(tu)缘操(cao)纵杆自动(dong)(dong)(dong)控(kong)制(zhi),两种方式都可(ke)以调(diao)节(jie)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)冲(chong)击(ji)行程。

    打桩(zhuang)机(ji)成孔工艺需(xu)要静压泥(ni)浆作护壁(bi),在(zai)孔壁(bi)内不会形成厚的(de)泥(ni)皮,由于钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)头的(de)多次上下往(wang)复(fu)使(shi)孔壁(bi)粗(cu)糙(cao)度较高,且(qie)不易(yi)产生缩径提高了承载力(li)。具(ju)有(you)广泛(fan)应(ying)用性:挖(wa)空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)打桩(zhuang)机(ji)一般采用动力(li)头装(zhuang)置,动力(li)头的(de)给(ji)进(jin)力(li)加上钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)杆的(de)重量,使(shi)钻(zuan)(zuan)(zuan)进(jin)能力(li)强。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)化:制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)化是加强(qiang)打(da)桩(zhuang)工程(cheng)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)管(guan)理(li)(li)的(de)(de)重要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)手段,是将法规、规范和(he)(he)(he)(he)打(da)桩(zhuang)工程(cheng)实(shi)践(jian)相结合而制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定的(de)(de)具(ju)体(ti)管(guan)理(li)(li)规则,具(ju)有十分重要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)。制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)订(ding)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)细(xi)致具(ju)有可操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)性,主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)应(ying)包括以下几项(xiang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du): 安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)管(guan)理(li)(li)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)建(jian)立安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)组织(zhi)管(guan)理(li)(li)体(ti)系,桩(zhuang)机(ji)队长为(wei)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)责任(ren)人;设立安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)员(yuan)(yuan),具(ju)体(ti)负责各项(xiang)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)检(jian)(jian)查和(he)(he)(he)(he)隐患(huan)整改(gai)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。定期进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)检(jian)(jian)查,做(zuo)好检(jian)(jian)查记录(lu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)整改(gai)记录(lu),决(jue)不(bu)放过任(ren)何隐患(huan)。 安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定详细(xi)的(de)(de)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)规程(cheng)和(he)(he)(he)(he)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)细(xi)则并严(yan)格执行(xing)(xing),决(jue)不(bu)允(yun)许因图快图省事而违规操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)保(bao)(bao)养(yang)(yang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。建(jian)立小(xiao)修(xiu)(xiu)、中修(xiu)(xiu)、大修(xiu)(xiu)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)和(he)(he)(he)(he)班(ban)前(qian)班(ban)后的(de)(de)检(jian)(jian)查保(bao)(bao)养(yang)(yang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。不(bu)论设备有无发现问(wen)题,都要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)按(an)(an)时(shi)按(an)(an)期按(an)(an)质按(an)(an)量的(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)保(bao)(bao)养(yang)(yang)和(he)(he)(he)(he)修(xiu)(xiu)理(li)(li),把隐患(huan)消灭(mie)在(zai)萌芽状态(tai),把事故(gu)挡在(zai)检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)保(bao)(bao)养(yang)(yang)之前(qian);坚(jian)决(jue)反(fan)对拼设备的(de)(de)盲动行(xing)(xing)为(wei)。  岗(gang)位培(pei)训(xun)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。对所(suo)有上(shang)(shang)岗(gang)人员(yuan)(yuan)都要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)技术(shu)培(pei)训(xun)和(he)(he)(he)(he)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)教育,增强(qiang)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)意识和(he)(he)(he)(he)安(an)(an)(an)(an)全(quan)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)技能。特别是特殊工种人员(yuan)(yuan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)坚(jian)决(jue)执行(xing)(xing)专业培(pei)训(xun)和(he)(he)(he)(he)持(chi)证上(shang)(shang)岗(gang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。  停用(yong)电(dian)(dian)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)。上(shang)(shang)班(ban)前(qian)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)在(zai)检(jian)(jian)查无误(wu)的(de)(de)前(qian)提下按(an)(an)程(cheng)序(xu)送电(dian)(dian)(总(zong)配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→分配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→开(kai)关箱(xiang))。每天上(shang)(shang)班(ban)前(qian)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)对漏(lou)电(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)护器试验(yan)一次,不(bu)正常(chang)时(shi)严(yan)禁(jin)使(shi)用(yong),及时(shi)更换。下班(ban)后要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)按(an)(an)断(duan)电(dian)(dian)程(cheng)序(xu)拉(la)闸(zha)断(duan)电(dian)(dian)(开(kai)关箱(xiang)→分配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→总(zong)配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)),配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)上(shang)(shang)锁;人员(yuan)(yuan)检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)时(shi)应(ying)将隔离开(kai)关断(duan)开(kai),并悬挂“禁(jin)止合闸(zha),有人工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)”的(de)(de)标(biao)志牌,严(yan)禁(jin)带电(dian)(dian)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)业。

    修复挖空桩(zhuang)钻打桩(zhuang)机轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)的(de)小裂口(kou)具(ju)体过(guo)程(cheng)如(ru)下(xia):先涂刷胶(jiao)水(shui),等胶(jiao)水(shui)阴干(gan)胎(tai)(tai)内贴上(shang)橡胶(jiao)及帘子布,然后(hou)压(ya)实压(ya)紧(jin)谨(jin)防空气(qi)夹入(ru)(ru),接下(xia)来选用(yong)与(yu)轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)一(yi)起的(de)补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)气(qi)囊(nang)(nang),轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)外侧伤(shang)口(kou)有(you)必要(yao)缝(feng)合,缝(feng)合后(hou)填充(chong)补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)生(sheng)胶(jiao)。要(yao)注意一(yi)点的(de)是(shi),补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)生(sheng)胶(jiao)填充(chong)高于胎(tai)(tai)面(mian)有(you)些2-3毫米。下(xia)面(mian)是(shi)用(yong)扩胎(tai)(tai)器将(jiang)(jiang)轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)阔开,将(jiang)(jiang)气(qi)囊(nang)(nang)装入(ru)(ru)编制带或涂抹滑石粉后(hou),装入(ru)(ru)轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai),放(fang)入(ru)(ru)上(shang)模,并(bing)在上(shang)模与(yu)下(xia)模基(ji)地加放(fang)铁(tie)皮,在气(qi)囊(nang)(nang)上(shang)方放(fang)入(ru)(ru)橡胶(jiao)板,然后(hou)放(fang)入(ru)(ru)维护(hu)气(qi)囊(nang)(nang)的(de)铁(tie)板,放(fang)入(ru)(ru)压(ya)铁(tie)装好丝(si)杠。旋紧(jin)两端丝(si)杠,将(jiang)(jiang)轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)赶忙。要(yao)尽(jin)量确(que)(que)保(bao)轮(lun)胎(tai)(tai)与(yu)模具(ju)严密贴合,如(ru)不贴合,请松开丝(si)杠及压(ya)铁(tie),从(cong)头调整(zheng)。终将(jiang)(jiang)硫(liu)化出的(de)剩下(xia)橡胶(jiao)割掉,确(que)(que)保(bao)胎(tai)(tai)面(mian)平(ping)整(zheng)。

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    甘肃挖空桩钻打桩机钻头

    作者:中联德美 日(ri)期:2019-03-28 15:01:53

    挖(wa)空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)钻打桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)集中(zhong)了目前国内外(wai)两(liang)大(da)类(lei)型桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)----自行(xing)式(shi)履(lv)(lv)带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)和步(bu)履(lv)(lv)式(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)的优(you)点(dian):机(ji)动(dong)能(neng)力强、施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)效(xiao)(xiao)率高(gao)(gao)、安全稳(wen)定(ding)(ding)性高(gao)(gao)、价(jia)格低(di)廉。电动(dong)履(lv)(lv)带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)优(you)点(dian)突出(chu):行(xing)走稳(wen)定(ding)(ding),作业安全。因(yin)接地尺寸不受起(qi)重(zhong)机(ji)底(di)盘限(xian)制(zhi),而(er)按(an)产柱(zhu)高(gao)(gao)度(du)(du)设计,稳(wen)定(ding)(ding)性优(you)于现(xian)有(you)(you)各(ge)类(lei)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji),并装(zhuang)有(you)(you)前后4个液压(ya)支(zhi)腿,确保施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)安全。行(xing)走灵(ling)活、迅速,施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)效(xiao)(xiao)率高(gao)(gao)。绝不会(hui)发生(sheng)步(bu)履(lv)(lv)式(shi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)经(jing)常因(yin)支(zhi)腿下(xia)陷而(er)移(yi)动(dong)困难的情形(xing)。施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)效(xiao)(xiao)率可提高(gao)(gao)2倍以上(shang),没有(you)(you)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)位(wei)死(si)角(jiao)。制(zhi)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)垂直(zhi)度(du)(du)高(gao)(gao)。立柱(zhu)三点(dian)支(zhi)撑,两(liang)方位(wei)调整,其钻孔垂直(zhi)度(du)(du)大(da)大(da)优(you)于悬挂式(shi)履(lv)(lv)带桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架(jia)。有(you)(you)利于城(cheng)市(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)和环境保护。采用电动(dong)机(ji)驱(qu)动(dong)噪音小(xiao),不干扰(rao)居民;不燃烧(shao)柴(chai)油,无(wu)废气排(pai)放。维修简(jian)单。电动(dong)机(ji)的故障率和维修成本均远低(di)于柴(chai)油机(ji)和液压(ya)驱(qu)动(dong)系(xi)统。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    挖空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)打桩(zhuang)机(ji)既可用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)修(xiu)建打桩(zhuang)、成(cheng)孔(kong),也可用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)高铁(tie)建造(zao)。挖空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)打桩(zhuang)机(ji)首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)房(fang)(fang)地(di)(di)产(chan)打桩(zhuang),因其(qi)振荡力(li)(li)强(qiang),噪声大(da)(da),故不适应于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)居民区和闹市区。正反循环钻(zuan)机(ji)因其(qi)用(yong)到(dao)循环水故使用(yong)广泛,打桩(zhuang)口(kou)径偏大(da)(da),也可用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)钻(zuan)机(ji),但(dan)不能(neng)入岩。冲击(ji)钻(zuan)机(ji)广泛用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)高速公(gong)路(lu)、铁(tie)路(lu)的(de)桥墩打桩(zhuang),可打岩石。插板机(ji)首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)沿海地(di)(di)区脆弱地(di)(di)基的(de)处(chu)置,这以(yi)后再(zai)进行(xing)打桩(zhuang)。夯扩桩(zhuang)机(ji)首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)房(fang)(fang)地(di)(di)产(chan)打桩(zhuang),口(kou)径小、效(xiao)率(lv)高,因其(qi)具有挤(ji)密作用(yong)故承载力(li)(li)较(jiao)(jiao)高。碎(sui)石桩(zhuang)机(ji)因其(qi)共(gong)同的(de)规划,经过振荡锤的(de)激振力(li)(li)将沉管震入土中,承载力(li)(li)好,打桩(zhuang)效(xiao)率(lv)高,是将来桩(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)职业(ye)的(de)主流产(chan)品。旋(xuan)挖钻(zuan)机(ji)摆脱了电(dian)缆的(de)捆绑(bang),移动灵敏(min),打桩(zhuang)口(kou)径大(da)(da),效(xiao)率(lv)高,深受桩(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)职业(ye)人士期(qi)待(dai),但(dan)其(qi)本钱较(jiao)(jiao)高,令一些职业(ye)新人无法承受。振荡桩(zhuang)锤首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)根底工(gong)(gong)程,通常做为(wei)插板机(ji)、振荡沉管桩(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)配套设(she)备,也可独立操作。潜孔(kong)钻(zuan)机(ji)首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)凿岩工(gong)(gong)程。水平定向钻(zuan)首要(yao)用(yong)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)公(gong)用(yong)设(she)施。

    挖空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)钻打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji) 桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)是一钢质(zhi)重块,由卷扬机(ji)用吊钩提升,脱(tuo)钩后沿(yan)导向架自由下(xia)落(luo)而打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)挖空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)钻打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)由锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)和锤(chui)(chui)(chui)座组成,以(yi)(yi)蒸(zheng)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)或压缩空气为(wei)(wei)(wei)动(dong)力,有单动(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)和双动(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)两种。单动(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)以(yi)(yi)柱塞或汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)缸作为(wei)(wei)(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou),蒸(zheng)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)驱(qu)动(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)上升,而后任其沿(yan)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)座的(de)(de)导杆下(xia)落(luo)而打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)。双动(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)一般是由加(jia)重的(de)(de)柱塞作为(wei)(wei)(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou),以(yi)(yi)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)缸作为(wei)(wei)(wei)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)座,蒸(zheng)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)驱(qu)动(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)上升,再驱(qu)动(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)向下(xia)冲击打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)。上下(xia)往复(fu)的(de)(de)速度快,频率高,使桩(zhuang)(zhuang)贯入地层时发生(sheng)振动(dong),可(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)减少摩擦(ca)阻力,打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)效(xiao)果好。双向不等作用力的(de)(de)差动(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui),其锤(chui)(chui)(chui)座重量轻,有效(xiao)冲击重量可(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)相对增大,性能更好。汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)(de)进排汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)旋阀(fa)的(de)(de)换向可(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)由人工(gong)控(kong)制,也(ye)可(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)由装在锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)一侧并(bing)随锤(chui)(chui)(chui)头(tou)升降的(de)(de)凸(tu)缘(yuan)操纵杆自动(dong)控(kong)制,两种方(fang)式都可(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)调节汽(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)(de)冲击行程。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    挖空(kong)桩(zhuang)钻打(da)桩(zhuang)机:桩(zhuang)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)由锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头和(he)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)组成,以蒸(zheng)汽(qi)或压(ya)缩空(kong)气为动(dong)(dong)力,有单(dan)动(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)和(he)双动(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)两(liang)种(zhong)。单(dan)动(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)以柱(zhu)塞或汽(qi)缸作为锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头,蒸(zheng)汽(qi)驱动(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头上升(sheng)(sheng),而(er)后任其(qi)沿锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)的(de)导杆下(xia)落而(er)打(da)桩(zhuang)。双动(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)一般(ban)是由加重的(de)柱(zhu)塞作为锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头,以汽(qi)缸作为锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo),蒸(zheng)汽(qi)驱动(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头上升(sheng)(sheng),再驱动(dong)(dong)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头向下(xia)冲击(ji)(ji)打(da)桩(zhuang)。上下(xia)往(wang)复的(de)速度(du)快(kuai),频率高,使桩(zhuang)贯(guan)入地层时发(fa)生(sheng)振动(dong)(dong),可(ke)以减少(shao)摩擦阻力,打(da)桩(zhuang)效(xiao)果好。双向不等作用力的(de)差动(dong)(dong)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui),其(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)座(zuo)重量轻,有效(xiao)冲击(ji)(ji)重量可(ke)相对增大,性能更好。汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)进排(pai)汽(qi)旋阀的(de)换(huan)向可(ke)由人(ren)工(gong)控制,也(ye)可(ke)由装在(zai)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头一侧并随(sui)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)头升(sheng)(sheng)降(jiang)的(de)凸缘操纵杆自动(dong)(dong)控制,两(liang)种(zhong)方式都可(ke)以调节(jie)汽(qi)锤(chui)(chui)(chui)(chui)的(de)冲击(ji)(ji)行程。

    打桩(zhuang)机成孔工艺(yi)需要(yao)静(jing)压泥浆作护壁(bi)(bi),在孔壁(bi)(bi)内不(bu)会形(xing)成厚的(de)泥皮,由于钻(zuan)头(tou)(tou)的(de)多次(ci)上下往(wang)复使(shi)(shi)孔壁(bi)(bi)粗糙度较(jiao)高,且不(bu)易产生(sheng)缩(suo)径提(ti)高了(le)承载力(li)(li)。具有广(guang)泛应用性:挖空桩(zhuang)钻(zuan)打桩(zhuang)机一(yi)般采用动力(li)(li)头(tou)(tou)装(zhuang)置,动力(li)(li)头(tou)(tou)的(de)给进(jin)力(li)(li)加上钻(zuan)杆的(de)重(zhong)量,使(shi)(shi)钻(zuan)进(jin)能力(li)(li)强(qiang)。

    挖空桩钻打桩机

    制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)化:制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)化是(shi)(shi)(shi)加强(qiang)打桩(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)管(guan)(guan)理的重要(yao)(yao)(yao)手段,是(shi)(shi)(shi)将法规(gui)(gui)、规(gui)(gui)范和打桩(zhuang)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)实(shi)践相结合而(er)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)的具体(ti)管(guan)(guan)理规(gui)(gui)则,具有(you)十分重要(yao)(yao)(yao)的作(zuo)(zuo)用。制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)订(ding)要(yao)(yao)(yao)细致(zhi)具有(you)可操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)性(xing),主要(yao)(yao)(yao)应(ying)包括以(yi)下几项(xiang)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du): 安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)管(guan)(guan)理制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)建立安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)组织管(guan)(guan)理体(ti)系,桩(zhuang)机队(dui)长为(wei)(wei)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)责任人(ren);设立安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)员(yuan),具体(ti)负责各项(xiang)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)和隐患整(zheng)改(gai)(gai)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。定(ding)期(qi)进行(xing)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha),做(zuo)好检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)记录(lu)和整(zheng)改(gai)(gai)记录(lu),决不(bu)放过任何(he)隐患。 安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)详细的安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)规(gui)(gui)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)和工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)细则并严格执行(xing),决不(bu)允(yun)许因图(tu)快图(tu)省事而(er)违规(gui)(gui)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)保(bao)(bao)(bao)养制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。建立小(xiao)修(xiu)(xiu)、中修(xiu)(xiu)、大修(xiu)(xiu)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)和班(ban)(ban)前(qian)(qian)班(ban)(ban)后(hou)的检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)保(bao)(bao)(bao)养制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。不(bu)论(lun)设备有(you)无(wu)发现问题,都要(yao)(yao)(yao)按(an)时按(an)期(qi)按(an)质按(an)量(liang)的进行(xing)保(bao)(bao)(bao)养和修(xiu)(xiu)理,把(ba)(ba)隐患消灭在萌(meng)芽(ya)状态,把(ba)(ba)事故挡(dang)在检(jian)(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)保(bao)(bao)(bao)养之前(qian)(qian);坚(jian)决反对拼(pin)设备的盲动行(xing)为(wei)(wei)。  岗位培训制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。对所(suo)有(you)上(shang)岗人(ren)员(yuan)都要(yao)(yao)(yao)进行(xing)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)技术培训和安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)教育,增(zeng)强(qiang)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)意识和安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)技能。特别是(shi)(shi)(shi)特殊工(gong)(gong)种人(ren)员(yuan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)坚(jian)决执行(xing)专(zhuan)业培训和持证上(shang)岗制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。  停用电(dian)(dian)操(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)。上(shang)班(ban)(ban)前(qian)(qian)要(yao)(yao)(yao)在检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)无(wu)误的前(qian)(qian)提下按(an)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)序(xu)送(song)电(dian)(dian)(总配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→分配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→开(kai)关箱(xiang))。每天上(shang)班(ban)(ban)前(qian)(qian)要(yao)(yao)(yao)对漏(lou)电(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护器试验一次,不(bu)正常(chang)时严禁(jin)使用,及时更换。下班(ban)(ban)后(hou)要(yao)(yao)(yao)按(an)断电(dian)(dian)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)序(xu)拉闸断电(dian)(dian)(开(kai)关箱(xiang)→分配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)→总配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)),配电(dian)(dian)箱(xiang)上(shang)锁;人(ren)员(yuan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)修(xiu)(xiu)时应(ying)将隔离开(kai)关断开(kai),并悬挂“禁(jin)止合闸,有(you)人(ren)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)”的标志牌,严禁(jin)带电(dian)(dian)作(zuo)(zuo)业。

    修复(fu)挖空桩(zhuang)(zhuang)钻打(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)的(de)(de)小裂口(kou)具体过程如(ru)(ru)下:先涂刷胶(jiao)水,等胶(jiao)水阴干胎(tai)(tai)(tai)内贴(tie)(tie)上(shang)橡(xiang)胶(jiao)及(ji)帘子布,然后压实压紧谨防空气(qi)夹(jia)入(ru),接下来选用(yong)与轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)一(yi)起的(de)(de)补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)气(qi)囊(nang),轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)外侧伤(shang)口(kou)有(you)必要缝(feng)合(he),缝(feng)合(he)后填充补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)生胶(jiao)。要注(zhu)意一(yi)点的(de)(de)是(shi),补(bu)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)生胶(jiao)填充高于胎(tai)(tai)(tai)面有(you)些2-3毫(hao)米。下面是(shi)用(yong)扩胎(tai)(tai)(tai)器(qi)将(jiang)(jiang)轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)阔开(kai),将(jiang)(jiang)气(qi)囊(nang)装(zhuang)入(ru)编制(zhi)带或涂抹滑石粉后,装(zhuang)入(ru)轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai),放入(ru)上(shang)模(mo),并在上(shang)模(mo)与下模(mo)基地加放铁皮,在气(qi)囊(nang)上(shang)方放入(ru)橡(xiang)胶(jiao)板,然后放入(ru)维(wei)护气(qi)囊(nang)的(de)(de)铁板,放入(ru)压铁装(zhuang)好丝(si)杠(gang)。旋紧两端(duan)丝(si)杠(gang),将(jiang)(jiang)轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)赶忙。要尽(jin)量确(que)保轮(lun)(lun)胎(tai)(tai)(tai)与模(mo)具严密贴(tie)(tie)合(he),如(ru)(ru)不(bu)贴(tie)(tie)合(he),请(qing)松开(kai)丝(si)杠(gang)及(ji)压铁,从头调整。终将(jiang)(jiang)硫化出的(de)(de)剩下橡(xiang)胶(jiao)割掉,确(que)保胎(tai)(tai)(tai)面平整。

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