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  • 黑龙江轨道式桩机施工

    作者(zhe):中(zhong)联德美 发布(bu)日(ri)期:2019-04-07 13:29:03 来源:www.squeakywheelbook.com

    打桩(zhuang)机(ji)正常操作保养就是省钱(qian):

    1、打桩机该润(run)滑(hua)(hua)的部位(wei)和部件一定(ding)要(yao)润(run)滑(hua)(hua)到位(wei);时常观(guan)察(cha)电路和管路的老化现象,避免出现漏(lou)油或是漏(lou)电。

    2、每天(tian)的工作结束以后,要对轮式打桩(zhuang)机进行(xing)清(qing)理(li),对油液(ye)进行(xing)检查(cha)并按要求加注,发现变质或(huo)有杂质要及时清(qing)理(li),做好检查(cha)有异(yi)常立即(ji)解决(jue),这(zhei)样第(di)二天(tian)才能(neng)正常施工。

    3、打桩机在工作200-300个小时的时候,要(yao)进行系统检(jian)测,包(bao)括动力元件、传动元件、控制元件和感应装置的检(jian)查检(jian)修(xiu)等。

    4、定(ding)期(qi)检查打桩机部件是否(fou)有裂(lie)纹、脱焊或(huo)锈(xiu)蚀等损坏的情况,做好维(wei)修和更换的工作(zuo)。

    轨道式桩机

    螺旋(xuan)打桩(zhuang)机:螺旋(xuan)打桩(zhuang)机是一种通过(guo)动力头带动钻(zuan)杆钻(zuan)头向地下钻(zuan)机成孔的打桩(zhuang)设备。螺旋(xuan)打桩(zhuang)机可以分(fen)为(wei)两(liang)个部(bu)(bu)分(fen):桩(zhuang)架和(he)钻(zuan)进部(bu)(bu)分(fen)。

    轨道式桩机

    液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji):是柴油带启(qi)动,以油液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)力(li)为动力(li),可按地层(ceng)土质不(bu)同调整液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya),以达到适当的(de)(de)冲击力(li)进行打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang),是一种新型打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)。中小型液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji),常(chang)用于公(gong)(gong)路护栏(lan)的(de)(de)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang),高(gao)速公(gong)(gong)路护栏(lan)建设(she)。同类打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)设(she)备(bei)有:液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、公(gong)(gong)路打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、护栏(lan)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、公(gong)(gong)路钻孔机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)。与柴油打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)相比,液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)能量(liang)传(chuan)递(di)效率能够达到70%~95%,而柴油锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)能量(liang)传(chuan)递(di)效率仅为20%~30%,液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)控量(liang)精(jing)确,能实现(xian)不(bu)同地层(ceng)的(de)(de)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)作(zuo)业;液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)在减(jian)少噪声,震(zhen)动和噪音方面有出色表(biao)现(xian),特别(bie)适合(he)城市施工需(xu)要。液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)锤(chui)(chui)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)节能减(jian)排效果明显,是未来打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)发(fa)展的(de)(de)主流。

    轨道式桩机

    禁止无(wu)冷(leng)却(que)液或加入(ru)沸水启动:发动机(ji)起动后(hou)再加冷(leng)却(que)液,会(hui)使炽热的(de)(de)缸套、缸盖等重要部件(jian)因骤然遇冷(leng)而炸裂或变形;向冰冷(leng)的(de)(de)机(ji)体内骤加lOO℃的(de)(de)开水,同样会(hui)激裂缸盖和(he)机(ji)体,应待冷(leng)却(que)液温(wen)度降至60~70℃时(shi)再加入(ru)。禁止拉(la)车起动:发动机(ji)在冷(leng)车机(ji)油(you)粘度的(de)(de)情(qing)况下拉(la)车起动,会(hui)加剧各运动件(jian)之间(jian)的(de)(de)磨(mo)损,从而降低机(ji)车的(de)(de)使用寿命。禁止不按期换用机(ji)油(you)、燃油(you):在冬季,如果不及时(shi)换用粘度低的(de)(de)机(ji)油(you)和(he)燃油(you),发动机(ji)就很(hen)难起动。

    打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)过程中(zhong),不应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)进行(xing)润滑(hua)和修(xiu)理工作。打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)吊锤(chui)(chui)(桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang))时(shi)(shi),锤(chui)(chui)(桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang))的(de)(de)高点离立柱顶部的(de)(de)小(xiao)距离应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)确保安全(quan)。插桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)后(hou)(hou)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)及时(shi)(shi)校正桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)(de)垂直度,桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)入土3m后(hou)(hou),不应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)采取桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架行(xing)走或回转进行(xing)纠正。打(da)(da)斜桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)先使(shi)立桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)垂直,将桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)吊入固定(ding),然后(hou)(hou)开始后(hou)(hou)倾,在(zai)(zai)后(hou)(hou)倾18.5°时(shi)(shi),不应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)提(ti)升柴油锤(chui)(chui)。履带三支(zhi)点式桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架在(zai)(zai)后(hou)(hou)倾打(da)(da)斜桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)使(shi)用(yong)后(hou)(hou)支(zhi)腿油缸;轨道式桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)在(zai)(zai)平台后(hou)(hou)增加(jia)支(zhi)撑(cheng),并夹(jia)紧夹(jia)轨器(qi)。打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)行(xing)走时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)将柴油锤(chui)(chui)降至低位置,坡(po)度要符合(he)使(shi)用(yong)说(shuo)明书的(de)(de)规定(ding)。自行(xing)式打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)行(xing)走时(shi)(shi)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)有专人指(zhi)挥,在(zai)(zai)坡(po)道上(shang)行(xing)走时(shi)(shi)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)将重心(xin)移(yi)至坡(po)道上(shang)方;走管式打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)横移(yi)至滚管终(zhong)端的(de)(de)距离不应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)小(xiao)于1m。

    新版(ban)桩机安全操作(zuo)规程(cheng):

    1、搅拌(ban)桩机的安装场(chang)地应(ying)平坦(tan)坚实(shi)。

    2、搅拌桩机的安装、拆(chai)卸应按照出(chu)厂说明书规(gui)定程序进行。

    3、立(li)架(jia)的(de)前端应(ying)垫高,不得在水平以下(xia)位置(zhi)扳(ban)(ban)起立(li)架(jia)。当立(li)架(jia)扳(ban)(ban)起时,应(ying)同步放松缆(lan)风绳。当立(li)架(jia)接近(jin)垂(chui)直位置(zhi)时,应(ying)减慢竖(shu)立(li)速度。扳(ban)(ban)到(dao)75°~83°时,应(ying)停止卷(juan)扬,并收紧(jin)缆(lan)风绳,再装上(shang)支撑(cheng),用(yong)后支撑(cheng)液压(ya)缸使立(li)架(jia)竖(shu)直。

    4、拆(chai)卸应按与安(an)装时相反程序进行。放(fang)倒立架(jia)时,应使用(yong)制(zhi)动(dong)器(qi)使立柱缓(huan)缓(huan)放(fang)下,并用(yong)缆风绳控,不得不加(jia)控制(zhi)地快速下降。

    5、开始下钻(zuan)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)由慢(man)转快;灌(guan)浆时(shi)(shi),应(ying)按规定(ding)灌(guan)好水泥浆,不得漏(lou)灌(guan),停(ting)工后(hou),应(ying)立即清(qing)洗干净管(guan)内的水泥浆.6、桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)移机(ji)(ji)时(shi)(shi),需注意场地的平整,以避免(mian)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)(ji)倾斜倒期。

    采(cai)用TN-S接(jie)(jie)零(ling)(ling)保护(hu)系统。工作零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)N与(yu)保护(hu)零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)PE分开设置(zhi),配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱内必(bi)须(xu)分设N线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)端(duan)子(zi)(zi)板和(he)PE线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)端(duan)子(zi)(zi)板,进出的(de)N线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)和(he)PE 线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)必(bi)须(xu)分别(bie)与(yu)之(zhi)连(lian)(lian)接(jie)(jie);N端(duan)子(zi)(zi)板必(bi)须(xu)与(yu)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱绝缘,PE端(duan)子(zi)(zi)板必(bi)须(xu)与(yu)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱相(xiang)连(lian)(lian)接(jie)(jie)。工作零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)N必(bi)须(xu)通过总漏电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)保护(hu)器(qi),保护(hu)零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)PE必(bi)须(xu)由电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源进线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)重复接(jie)(jie)地(di)(di)处(chu)或总漏电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)保护(hu)器(qi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源侧(ce)零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)处(chu)引出,并(bing)必(bi)须(xu)在(zai)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)系统的(de)中间和(he)末(mo)端(duan)处(chu)做(zuo)重复接(jie)(jie)地(di)(di),其接(jie)(jie)地(di)(di)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)阻值不应(ying)大于(yu)10欧(ou)姆(mu)。打桩(zhuang)机所有外露的(de)可(ke)导电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)部分都有应(ying)做(zuo)保护(hu)接(jie)(jie)零(ling)(ling)。TN-S系统中工作零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)不准再重复接(jie)(jie)地(di)(di)。在(zai)三(san)相(xiang)四线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)制配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)路必(bi)须(xu)采(cai)用包括(kuo)保护(hu)零(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)PE在(zai)内的(de)五芯电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆线(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)路应(ying)采(cai)用埋(mai)地(di)(di)或架空敷设,严(yan)禁(jin)沿地(di)(di)面明设,并(bing)应(ying)避免机械损伤(shang)和(he)介质腐蚀。

    螺旋(xuan)打(da)(da)桩机钢(gang)筋笼(long)制安:螺旋(xuan)打(da)(da)桩机挖土(tu)(tu)(tu)清渣达到设(she)计要求(qiu)后,,开始(shi)下放钢(gang)筋笼(long), 其制安必须严格按(an)照设(she)计图(tu)纸(zhi)进(jin)(jin)行(xing),,主筋、箍筋应(ying)焊接均匀,,搭(da)接长度(du)及焊缝应(ying)符合规范(fan)要求(qiu), 安装(zhuang)时(shi)(shi)应(ying)安装(zhuang)护块,,以(yi)(yi)确(que)保周正及保护层厚度(du),钢(gang)筋笼(long)的(de)制作偏差应(ying)符合设(she)计及规范(fan)要求(qiu)。混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)浇筑:在导(dao)(dao)管(guan)接驳完(wan)毕(bi)后, 将(jiang)混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)(shui)(shui)栓(shuan)吊放在临近泥(ni)浆(jiang)面的(de)位置(zhi),,导(dao)(dao)管(guan)底(di)端到孔底(di)距离(li)控制在0.4m左右,以(yi)(yi)便能(neng)顺利排出混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)(shui)(shui)栓(shuan)。开始(shi)灌注前储料斗(dou)内(nei)储备的(de)混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)量(liang)应(ying)不少于 1.0m3, 以(yi)(yi)便在混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)(shui)(shui)栓(shuan)被挤出导(dao)(dao)管(guan)后能(neng)将(jiang)导(dao)(dao)管(guan)底(di)端一次(ci)性埋入水(shui)(shui)(shui)下混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)中 0.8m 以(yi)(yi)上, 适时(shi)(shi)提升或拆卸导(dao)(dao)管(guan), 确(que)保导(dao)(dao)管(guan)底(di)端埋入混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu)面以(yi)(yi)下 1~4m, 灌注应(ying)连续进(jin)(jin)行(xing)。一旦发生(sheng)机具故(gu)障或停(ting)电停(ting)水(shui)(shui)(shui)及导(dao)(dao)管(guan)堵(du)塞或进(jin)(jin)水(shui)(shui)(shui)等事故(gu)时(shi)(shi), 应(ying)采(cai)取(qu)有(you)效措(cuo)施进(jin)(jin)行(xing)处理,以(yi)(yi)便尽快恢复灌注混(hun)凝(ning)土(tu)(tu)(tu),同时(shi)(shi)做好记录(lu)。

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    黑龙江轨道式桩机施工

    作者:中(zhong)联德美 日期(qi):2019-04-07 13:29:03

    打桩机(ji)正常操作保(bao)养就是省钱:

    1、打桩机该润滑的部(bu)位和部(bu)件一定(ding)要润滑到位;时常观察电(dian)路和管路的老化现(xian)象,避(bi)免出(chu)现(xian)漏(lou)油或是漏(lou)电(dian)。

    2、每天的(de)工作结束以后,要对轮式打(da)桩(zhuang)机进行清(qing)理,对油液进行检查(cha)并(bing)按(an)要求加注,发(fa)现(xian)变质或有杂质要及时清(qing)理,做好检查(cha)有异(yi)常立即解决(jue),这样第二(er)天才能(neng)正常施(shi)工。

    3、打(da)桩机(ji)在(zai)工作200-300个小时(shi)的时(shi)候(hou),要进行系统检(jian)测,包(bao)括动力元件、传动元件、控(kong)制元件和感应装置的检(jian)查(cha)检(jian)修等。

    4、定期检查打桩机(ji)部件是(shi)否有裂纹、脱焊或锈蚀等损坏(huai)的(de)情(qing)况,做好维修和(he)更换的(de)工作。

    轨道式桩机

    螺(luo)旋打(da)桩机(ji):螺(luo)旋打(da)桩机(ji)是一种(zhong)通过动力头(tou)带动钻(zuan)杆(gan)钻(zuan)头(tou)向地(di)下钻(zuan)机(ji)成(cheng)孔的(de)打(da)桩设备。螺(luo)旋打(da)桩机(ji)可以分为两个部分:桩架(jia)和钻(zuan)进部分。

    轨道式桩机

    液压(ya)(ya)锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji):是柴油带启动,以(yi)油液压(ya)(ya)力(li)为(wei)(wei)动力(li),可按地层(ceng)土质(zhi)不(bu)同调整液压(ya)(ya),以(yi)达(da)到适当的(de)冲击(ji)力(li)进行打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),是一种新型打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)。中小型液压(ya)(ya)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji),常用于公(gong)(gong)(gong)路护栏(lan)(lan)(lan)的(de)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),高速公(gong)(gong)(gong)路护栏(lan)(lan)(lan)建设(she)。同类打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)设(she)备有:液压(ya)(ya)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)、公(gong)(gong)(gong)路打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)、护栏(lan)(lan)(lan)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)、公(gong)(gong)(gong)路钻孔机(ji)。与柴油打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)相(xiang)比(bi),液压(ya)(ya)锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)能(neng)量(liang)传递效率(lv)能(neng)够达(da)到70%~95%,而(er)柴油锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)的(de)能(neng)量(liang)传递效率(lv)仅(jin)为(wei)(wei)20%~30%,液压(ya)(ya)锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)控量(liang)精确,能(neng)实现不(bu)同地层(ceng)的(de)打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)作业;液压(ya)(ya)锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)在(zai)减少噪声,震动和噪音(yin)方(fang)面有出色(se)表现,特别适合城(cheng)市施工需要。液压(ya)(ya)锤打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)节能(neng)减排效果明(ming)显,是未(wei)来打(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机(ji)发(fa)展的(de)主流(liu)。

    轨道式桩机

    禁止无(wu)冷(leng)却(que)液(ye)或加入沸水启动:发动机(ji)(ji)(ji)起(qi)(qi)(qi)动后再(zai)加冷(leng)却(que)液(ye),会(hui)(hui)使(shi)(shi)炽热的(de)缸(gang)套、缸(gang)盖(gai)等重要部件因骤然遇冷(leng)而炸裂或变形;向冰冷(leng)的(de)机(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)内骤加lOO℃的(de)开水,同样(yang)会(hui)(hui)激裂缸(gang)盖(gai)和机(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti),应待(dai)冷(leng)却(que)液(ye)温度降(jiang)至60~70℃时(shi)再(zai)加入。禁止拉车(che)(che)起(qi)(qi)(qi)动:发动机(ji)(ji)(ji)在冷(leng)车(che)(che)机(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)(you)粘(zhan)度的(de)情况下拉车(che)(che)起(qi)(qi)(qi)动,会(hui)(hui)加剧各运动件之间的(de)磨(mo)损(sun),从而降(jiang)低(di)机(ji)(ji)(ji)车(che)(che)的(de)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)寿命。禁止不按期换(huan)用(yong)(yong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)(you)、燃(ran)油(you)(you):在冬季(ji),如果不及时(shi)换(huan)用(yong)(yong)粘(zhan)度低(di)的(de)机(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)(you)和燃(ran)油(you)(you),发动机(ji)(ji)(ji)就很难(nan)起(qi)(qi)(qi)动。

    打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)过程(cheng)中(zhong),不应(ying)(ying)进行(xing)润滑和(he)修理工(gong)作(zuo)。打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机吊锤(桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang))时(shi)(shi),锤(桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang))的(de)高点离立柱顶部的(de)小距离应(ying)(ying)确保安全。插(cha)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)后(hou)应(ying)(ying)及时(shi)(shi)校正(zheng)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)的(de)垂直度(du),桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)入土3m后(hou),不应(ying)(ying)采取(qu)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架行(xing)走(zou)或(huo)回转进行(xing)纠正(zheng)。打(da)(da)斜(xie)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)先使立桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)垂直,将(jiang)(jiang)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)吊入固定,然后(hou)开始(shi)后(hou)倾,在(zai)后(hou)倾18.5°时(shi)(shi),不应(ying)(ying)提升柴油(you)(you)锤。履带三支点式桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架在(zai)后(hou)倾打(da)(da)斜(xie)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)使用(yong)后(hou)支腿油(you)(you)缸;轨道式桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)架应(ying)(ying)在(zai)平(ping)台后(hou)增加(jia)支撑,并夹紧夹轨器。打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机行(xing)走(zou)时(shi)(shi),应(ying)(ying)将(jiang)(jiang)柴油(you)(you)锤降至低位置,坡度(du)要(yao)符(fu)合使用(yong)说明书的(de)规(gui)定。自行(xing)式打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机行(xing)走(zou)时(shi)(shi)应(ying)(ying)有专人指挥(hui),在(zai)坡道上(shang)行(xing)走(zou)时(shi)(shi)应(ying)(ying)将(jiang)(jiang)重心移至坡道上(shang)方;走(zou)管式打(da)(da)桩(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)机横移至滚管终端的(de)距离不应(ying)(ying)小于(yu)1m。

    新版(ban)桩机安全操作规(gui)程(cheng):

    1、搅拌桩机的(de)安(an)装场地应平坦坚实。

    2、搅拌桩(zhuang)机的(de)安装、拆(chai)卸(xie)应(ying)按照出厂说(shuo)明书(shu)规定程序进行(xing)。

    3、立架的前端应(ying)垫高,不得在水平以下位(wei)(wei)置扳起立架。当立架扳起时,应(ying)同步放松(song)缆风(feng)绳。当立架接近(jin)垂直位(wei)(wei)置时,应(ying)减慢(man)竖立速度(du)。扳到75°~83°时,应(ying)停(ting)止卷扬(yang),并(bing)收紧(jin)缆风(feng)绳,再装上(shang)支撑,用(yong)后(hou)支撑液压缸使立架竖直。

    4、拆卸应按与安装(zhuang)时(shi)相反程序(xu)进行。放倒(dao)立架时(shi),应使(shi)用制动(dong)器使(shi)立柱缓缓放下,并用缆风绳控(kong),不(bu)得(de)不(bu)加控(kong)制地快速下降。

    5、开始(shi)下钻时,应(ying)由慢(man)转快;灌浆(jiang)时,应(ying)按规定灌好水泥浆(jiang),不得漏灌,停工后,应(ying)立即清洗干净管内的水泥浆(jiang).6、桩(zhuang)机移机时,需注意场地的平整,以避免(mian)桩(zhuang)机倾(qing)斜倒期。

    采用(yong)(yong)TN-S接(jie)(jie)零(ling)(ling)(ling)保护系统。工(gong)作(zuo)零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)N与(yu)保护零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)PE分开设(she)置,配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱内必(bi)须(xu)(xu)分设(she)N线(xian)(xian)端子板和PE线(xian)(xian)端子板,进出的(de)(de)N线(xian)(xian)和PE 线(xian)(xian)必(bi)须(xu)(xu)分别与(yu)之连(lian)接(jie)(jie);N端子板必(bi)须(xu)(xu)与(yu)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱绝缘,PE端子板必(bi)须(xu)(xu)与(yu)配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱相(xiang)连(lian)接(jie)(jie)。工(gong)作(zuo)零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)N必(bi)须(xu)(xu)通过总(zong)漏电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)保护器,保护零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)PE必(bi)须(xu)(xu)由电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源进线(xian)(xian)重(zhong)复(fu)接(jie)(jie)地处(chu)或(huo)总(zong)漏电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)保护器电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源侧零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)处(chu)引出,并必(bi)须(xu)(xu)在配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)系统的(de)(de)中(zhong)间(jian)和末端处(chu)做重(zhong)复(fu)接(jie)(jie)地,其(qi)接(jie)(jie)地电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)阻值不应大于10欧(ou)姆。打桩机所有(you)外露的(de)(de)可导电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)部分都(dou)有(you)应做保护接(jie)(jie)零(ling)(ling)(ling)。TN-S系统中(zhong)工(gong)作(zuo)零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)不准再重(zhong)复(fu)接(jie)(jie)地。在三相(xiang)四线(xian)(xian)制配电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆线(xian)(xian)路必(bi)须(xu)(xu)采用(yong)(yong)包括保护零(ling)(ling)(ling)线(xian)(xian)PE在内的(de)(de)五芯电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)缆线(xian)(xian)路应采用(yong)(yong)埋(mai)地或(huo)架空敷设(she),严禁沿地面明设(she),并应避免(mian)机械损伤和介质(zhi)腐蚀。

    螺(luo)(luo)旋打桩机(ji)钢筋(jin)(jin)笼制(zhi)安:螺(luo)(luo)旋打桩机(ji)挖土(tu)(tu)(tu)清渣达到设(she)计(ji)(ji)要(yao)求(qiu)后(hou),,开始(shi)下(xia)(xia)放钢筋(jin)(jin)笼, 其(qi)制(zhi)安必(bi)须严格按照(zhao)设(she)计(ji)(ji)图纸进行,,主筋(jin)(jin)、箍筋(jin)(jin)应(ying)焊接均匀,,搭接长度(du)及焊缝应(ying)符合规范要(yao)求(qiu), 安装时(shi)(shi)应(ying)安装护(hu)块,,以确(que)保(bao)周正及保(bao)护(hu)层厚度(du),钢筋(jin)(jin)笼的(de)制(zhi)作偏差应(ying)符合设(she)计(ji)(ji)及规范要(yao)求(qiu)。混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)浇(jiao)筑:在(zai)(zai)(zai)导(dao)管(guan)(guan)接驳完毕后(hou), 将混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)栓吊放在(zai)(zai)(zai)临近泥浆面的(de)位(wei)置,,导(dao)管(guan)(guan)底(di)(di)端(duan)到孔(kong)底(di)(di)距(ju)离控制(zhi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)0.4m左右(you),以便(bian)能(neng)顺利排出混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)栓。开始(shi)灌(guan)注前储(chu)料斗内储(chu)备的(de)混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)量应(ying)不少于(yu) 1.0m3, 以便(bian)在(zai)(zai)(zai)混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)隔(ge)水(shui)栓被挤出导(dao)管(guan)(guan)后(hou)能(neng)将导(dao)管(guan)(guan)底(di)(di)端(duan)一(yi)(yi)次性(xing)埋入(ru)水(shui)下(xia)(xia)混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)中 0.8m 以上(shang), 适时(shi)(shi)提升或拆卸(xie)导(dao)管(guan)(guan), 确(que)保(bao)导(dao)管(guan)(guan)底(di)(di)端(duan)埋入(ru)混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu)面以下(xia)(xia) 1~4m, 灌(guan)注应(ying)连续(xu)进行。一(yi)(yi)旦发生机(ji)具(ju)故(gu)障或停(ting)电(dian)停(ting)水(shui)及导(dao)管(guan)(guan)堵塞或进水(shui)等事故(gu)时(shi)(shi), 应(ying)采(cai)取有效措施进行处理,以便(bian)尽快恢复灌(guan)注混(hun)凝土(tu)(tu)(tu),同时(shi)(shi)做(zuo)好记录。

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